Diabetic Foot FAQs: Pes Cavus (High Arch)
There are many people who experience pain and discomfort in their feet from having a high instep or exaggerated arch. This particular condition is referred to in the medical community as Pes Cavus, which is a Latin term that essentially means “hallow foot”. Although fairly common, not many people are actually aware of the causes of Pes Cavus and how they can go about treating the pain caused by a high arch. If you're curious to learn more, take a look at what you need to know about Pes Cavus.
Causes- Typically this condition is caused by an imbalance of the muscles that make up the foot. You may be surprised to learn that most cases of Pes Cavus are hereditary. The development of a high arch has been associated with a number of progressive and static neurological disorders including Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Syndrome, Friedreich's ataxia, cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy.
Symptoms- The symptoms of Pes Cavus are usually pain and discomfort in the foot and around the ankle. Other symptoms linked to this condition are weakened ankles, calluses along the plantar section of your foot and the appearance of “claw toes”.
Treatment- Surgery is rarely required to treat cases of Pes Cavus and may only be recommended in extreme cases of deformity. If a patient's case of high arch is not extreme, the best way to treat the pain and discomfort caused by it is with the appropriate orthotics. Generally, podiatrists will advise their patients that they should be wearing a quality pair of orthopedic shoes when they plan on standing or walking for extended periods of time. If a patient is not able to wear a special type of orthopedic shoe during the day, his or her podiatrist will recommend at least wearing an orthotic insert that cushion the foot to relieve pain.