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12 Oct '15

Diabetic Foot FAQs: Bunions

Posted by Diabetic Shoes Administrator in Health & Wellness, Orthopedic Shoes

Podiatrists everywhere see a number of patients each year who suffer from a Hallux Abducto Valgus deformity, or what we commonly refer to as bunions. This type of foot deformity results in a bump on the outside of the big toe which may cause serious pain for some people. To give you a better idea of what causes bunions and how to treat them, here is what you need to know about this common foot problem.

Causes
Believe it or not, some cases of bunions actually run in the family. This is because weak or poor foot structure has been found to be hereditary. Another cause of bunions is arthritis. Arthritis is a disease which slowly deteriorates the joints of the body, which is why bunions are common in arthritis patients. Bunions are also common among people with leg length discrepancies and bunions typically develop on the foot of the longer leg. It's important to be aware that the type of shoes you wear could also be the culprit of your bunions. Since most women wear tight shoes which provide very little support, they are much more prone to developing bunions.

Treatment
The best way to treat bunions is by wearing the proper footwear. This means that you should stop wearing those high heels or sandals that are cute but poorly fitted. Instead you should get yourself a quality pair of orthopedic shoes designed for those who suffer from bunions. If you have to wear a particular style of shoe for work or just can't find a pair of orthopedic shoes that catch your eye, you can always try a couple of orthotic inserts. These inserts slip right inside of your shoes in order to provide the support and cushioning needed to prevent and treat bunions.

If switching to orthopedic shoes or orthotic inserts does not gradually alleviate pain and discomfort caused by bunions, it's recommended you consult with your physician regarding further treatment options.
05 Oct '15

Diabetic Foot FAQs: Pes Cavus (High Arch)

Posted by Diabetic Shoes Administrator in Diabetic Shoes, Health & Wellness, Orthopedic Shoes

There are many people who experience pain and discomfort in their feet from having a high instep or exaggerated arch. This particular condition is referred to in the medical community as Pes Cavus, which is a Latin term that essentially means “hallow foot”. Although fairly common, not many people are actually aware of the causes of Pes Cavus and how they can go about treating the pain caused by a high arch. If you're curious to learn more, take a look at what you need to know about Pes Cavus.

Causes- Typically this condition is caused by an imbalance of the muscles that make up the foot. You may be surprised to learn that most cases of Pes Cavus are hereditary. The development of a high arch has been associated with a number of progressive and static neurological disorders including Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) Syndrome, Friedreich's ataxia, cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy.

Symptoms- The symptoms of Pes Cavus are usually pain and discomfort in the foot and around the ankle. Other symptoms linked to this condition are weakened ankles, calluses along the plantar section of your foot and the appearance of “claw toes”.

Claw Toe

Treatment- Surgery is rarely required to treat cases of Pes Cavus and may only be recommended in extreme cases of deformity. If a patient's case of high arch is not extreme, the best way to treat the pain and discomfort caused by it is with the appropriate orthotics. Generally, podiatrists will advise their patients that they should be wearing a quality pair of orthopedic shoes when they plan on standing or walking for extended periods of time. If a patient is not able to wear a special type of orthopedic shoe during the day, his or her podiatrist will recommend at least wearing an orthotic insert that cushion the foot to relieve pain.

28 Sep '15

Diabetic Foot FAQs: Diabetic Neuropathy

Posted by Diabetic Shoes Administrator in Diabetic Shoes, Health & Wellness, Orthopedic Shoes

Did you know that high levels of blood sugar in your body can injure nerve fibers? Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage can occur in those suffering from diabetes.  The damage can occur throughout your body, but most commonly, diabetic neuropathy damages nerves in your feet and legs.

Symptoms-  Peripheral neuropathy is the most common type of neuropathy affecting diabetics. The symptoms may include increased sensitivity, numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in your feet and legs, muscle weakness, loss of balance, or infections/ulcers in your feet.

Causes- Diabetic neuropathy is caused when persistent high blood sugar damages nerve fibers. High blood sugar can weaken the capillaries and interfere with the nerves ability to transmit signals. Genetics, smoking and alcohol abuse and autoimmune responses can also contribute to diabetic neuropathy.

Treatment- Diabetic neuropathy cannot be cured. Therefore, slowing progression of the disease and managing the complications is imperative. To help slow nerve damage, the Mayo clinic recommends maintaining blood pressure and sugar levels at recommended levels, maintaining a healthy weight, stopping smoking and getting plenty of physical activity. Exercising proper foot care is also critical as diabetic neuropathy is a leading cause for loss of limbs. Diabetics should wear appropriate diabetic shoes to prevent cuts and sores, because the risk of infections is high due to the fact diabetes reduces blood flow to your feet. We also recommend adding orthopedic inserts to your shoes for added protection.

See your doctor if you have a cut or sore on your foot that doesn’t seem to be healing or is infected, or if you experience burning, tingling, or pain in your feet that interferes with your daily routine.  Infection of the foot is the leading cause of amputation, so wearing appropriate footwear and prevents cuts/blisters is extremely important when managing diabetic neuropathy.

Reference: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-neuropathy/basics/definition/con-20033336

21 Sep '15

Diabetic Foot FAQs: Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Posted by Diabetic Shoes Administrator in Diabetic Shoes, Health & Wellness, Orthopedic Shoes

            Those who have diabetes have increased chances of developing what's known as diabetic foot ulcers. They're often painless, but can be quite troublesome. In fact, these foot sores are one of the most common reasons for hospital stays and are a leading cause of amputations among diabetes patients. If you're a diabetic, there are some things you need to know about this common condition. Here's a brief overview of how to treat existing diabetic ulcers and some tips to help prevent them from developing in the future.

Treating Diabetic Foot Ulcers

If you have any diabetic foot ulcers, your physician may have advised you to care for them by dressing them at home. This process includes cleaning the ulcer and then applying a bandage to it in order to prevent infection. When treating a diabetic foot ulcer, it's best to stay off of your feet if possible to allow the wound to heal. Whatever you do, do not walk barefoot while treating an ulcer unless told otherwise by your physician. Your doctor may also recommend that you keep a close eye on your blood sugar level to help your sores heal faster.

Preventing Diabetic Foot Ulcers

These foot ulcers are usually caused by added pressure on one particular part of your foot, so it's recommended you start wearing diabetic shoes or getting yourself a pair of quality orthotic inserts.  By wearing the proper supportive orthopedic shoes, the pressure points will be relieved in order to prevent ulcers from developing in those spots. It's important to make sure that you avoid wearing shoes that are made out of hard materials such as plastic because they're not the ideal to allow air to flow around your feet. Also, keep in mind that you won't want to wear shoes with open or pointed toes. This includes high heels, flip flops and sandals.

14 Sep '15

Diabetic Foot FAQs: Hammertoes

Posted by Diabetic Shoes Administrator in Diabetic Shoes, Health & Wellness, Orthopedic Shoes

There are a number of conditions and ailments which affect our feet. One of these particular common problems is something most people refer to as hammertoes. Typically, hammertoes develop from a muscle imbalance surrounding the toe joint. This imbalance causes the toes to curl and then become stuck in this position. Generally, the most common toe to become hammertoes are the small baby toes that curl instead of buckle. To give you a better idea of what causes hammertoes and what treatments are available to treat them, take a look at this bit of helpful information.

Symptoms: The most common symptom of hammertoes is of course bent and sore toes, but it can also cause pain and irritation on top of the affected toe.  Hammertoes get progressively worse overtime, but can often be managed with noninvasive measures if treated in the earlier stages.
Causes: Hammertoes can be caused by a number of things including the frequent wearing of high heeled shoes, diabetes, arthritis and poor circulation. 
Treatment: Besides massaging and icing, the best thing you can do to treat a mild case of hammertoes is to ditch the high heeled shoes that stand over 2” tall. It's recommended you instead opt for a comfortable pair of shoes with a wide toe-box. There are plenty of orthopedic shoes which were developed specifically to treat foot conditions such as hammertoes. If you can't find your size or desired style of orthopedic shoes, you could also look at getting yourself some orthotic inserts. These inserts easily slip into just about any pair of shoes you already have in order to transform them into shoes that inconspicuously work to help control the tendon/muscle imbalance.

Most hammertoes are considered to be flexible as they still allow slight movement and can be easily treated, but sometimes the tendons in the toe can become rigid and stuck. If this occurs, it's best to seek the advice of a professional podiatrist as surgery might be the only option to correct your hammertoes. 

 


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